Overview of materials for High Carbon Steel
Categories: Metal; Ferrous Metal; Carbon Steel; High Carbon Steel

Material Notes: This property data is a summary of similar materials in the MatWeb database for the category "High Carbon Steel". Each property range of values reported is minimum and maximum values of appropriate MatWeb entries. The comments report the average value, and number of data points used to calculate the average. The values are not necessarily typical of any specific grade, especially less common values and those that can be most affected by additives or processing methods.

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Physical PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
Density 0.451 - 8.26 g/cc0.0163 - 0.298 lb/in³Average value: 7.54 g/cc Grade Count:375
Particle Size 6.70 - 12.0 µm6.70 - 12.0 µmAverage value: 9.27 µm Grade Count:4
 
Mechanical PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
Hardness, Brinell 163 - 600163 - 600Average value: 260 Grade Count:235
Hardness, Knoop 195 - 769195 - 769Average value: 297 Grade Count:177
Hardness, Rockwell B 43.0 - 10043.0 - 100Average value: 95.7 Grade Count:176
Hardness, Rockwell C 10.0 - 70.010.0 - 70.0Average value: 46.4 Grade Count:284
Hardness, Vickers 182 - 748182 - 748Average value: 286 Grade Count:177
Tensile Strength, Ultimate 161 - 3200 MPa23300 - 464000 psiAverage value: 1120 MPa Grade Count:269
Tensile Strength, Yield 275 - 3340 MPa39900 - 484000 psiAverage value: 896 MPa Grade Count:253
Elongation at Break 0.500 - 30.0 %0.500 - 30.0 %Average value: 14.3 % Grade Count:242
Reduction of Area 13.4 - 73.0 %13.4 - 73.0 %Average value: 38.7 % Grade Count:107
Modulus of Elasticity 13.8 - 235 GPa2000 - 34100 ksiAverage value: 200 GPa Grade Count:338
Flexural Yield Strength 159 - 5130 MPa23000 - 744000 psiAverage value: 2260 MPa Grade Count:26
Compressive Yield Strength 1320 - 3100 MPa191000 - 450000 psiAverage value: 2160 MPa Grade Count:4
Bulk Modulus 160 GPa23200 ksiAverage value: 160 GPa Grade Count:188
Poissons Ratio 0.280 - 0.3130.280 - 0.313Average value: 0.292 Grade Count:262
Fracture Toughness 13.2 - 165 MPa-m½12.0 - 150 ksi-in½Average value: 60.1 MPa-m½ Grade Count:5
Machinability 10.0 - 125 %10.0 - 125 %Average value: 53.0 % Grade Count:152
Shear Modulus 78.0 - 82.7 GPa11300 - 12000 ksiAverage value: 79.9 GPa Grade Count:264
Izod Impact 3.00 - 18.0 J2.21 - 13.3 ft-lbAverage value: 8.90 J Grade Count:64
Izod Impact Unnotched 10.8 - 229 J8.00 - 169 ft-lbAverage value: 53.5 J Grade Count:31
Charpy Impact 1.36 - 99.0 J1.00 - 73.0 ft-lbAverage value: 34.1 J Grade Count:21
Charpy Impact, Unnotched 2.71 - 86.0 J2.00 - 63.4 ft-lbAverage value: 19.2 J Grade Count:13
 
Electrical PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
Electrical Resistivity 0.00000200 - 0.0000300 ohm-cm0.00000200 - 0.0000300 ohm-cmAverage value: 0.0000159 ohm-cm Grade Count:250
 
Thermal PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
CTE, linear 9.90 - 14.8 µm/m-°C5.50 - 8.22 µin/in-°FAverage value: 12.5 µm/m-°C Grade Count:219
Specific Heat Capacity 0.410 - 0.669 J/g-°C0.0980 - 0.160 BTU/lb-°FAverage value: 0.474 J/g-°C Grade Count:150
Thermal Conductivity 19.0 - 52.0 W/m-K132 - 361 BTU-in/hr-ft²-°FAverage value: 45.9 W/m-K Grade Count:265
Maximum Service Temperature, Air 120 - 482 °C248 - 900 °FAverage value: 311 °C Grade Count:6
Transformation Temperature 183 - 910 °C361 - 1670 °FAverage value: 593 °C Grade Count:63
 
Processing PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
Processing Temperature 168 - 1550 °C334 - 2830 °FAverage value: 717 °C Grade Count:45
Annealing Temperature 740 - 900 °C1360 - 1650 °FAverage value: 826 °C Grade Count:12
 
Component Elements PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
Aluminum, Al 0.0600 - 1.25 %0.0600 - 1.25 %Average value: 0.828 % Grade Count:6
Boron, B 0.000500 - 0.00300 %0.000500 - 0.00300 %Average value: 0.00175 % Grade Count:40
Carbon, C 0.100 - 3.40 %0.100 - 3.40 %Average value: 0.876 % Grade Count:366
Chromium, Cr 0.150 - 14.0 %0.150 - 14.0 %Average value: 2.66 % Grade Count:264
Cobalt, Co 0.250 - 14.0 %0.250 - 14.0 %Average value: 6.75 % Grade Count:21
Copper, Cu 0.100 - 0.350 %0.100 - 0.350 %Average value: 0.300 % Grade Count:5
Iron, Fe 66.5 - 99.2 %66.5 - 99.2 %Average value: 94.0 % Grade Count:366
Manganese, Mn 0.100 - 13.0 %0.100 - 13.0 %Average value: 0.688 % Grade Count:348
Molybdenum, Mo 0.0600 - 10.5 %0.0600 - 10.5 %Average value: 1.34 % Grade Count:166
Nickel, Ni 0.100 - 10.0 %0.100 - 10.0 %Average value: 0.955 % Grade Count:94
Phosphorous, P 0.0120 - 0.0500 %0.0120 - 0.0500 %Average value: 0.0331 % Grade Count:272
Silicon, Si 0.100 - 2.20 %0.100 - 2.20 %Average value: 0.345 % Grade Count:257
Sulfur, S 0.00100 - 0.270 %0.00100 - 0.270 %Average value: 0.0389 % Grade Count:286
Tungsten, W 0.150 - 13.0 %0.150 - 13.0 %Average value: 4.36 % Grade Count:43
Vanadium, V 0.0700 - 14.5 %0.0700 - 14.5 %Average value: 2.53 % Grade Count:77

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