Overview of materials for Brass
Categories: Metal; Nonferrous Metal; Copper Alloy; Brass

Material Notes: This property data is a summary of similar materials in the MatWeb database for the category "Brass". Each property range of values reported is minimum and maximum values of appropriate MatWeb entries. The comments report the average value, and number of data points used to calculate the average. The values are not necessarily typical of any specific grade, especially less common values and those that can be most affected by additives or processing methods.

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Physical PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
Density 7.20 - 8.86 g/cc0.260 - 0.320 lb/in³Average value: 8.49 g/cc Grade Count:390
 
Mechanical PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
Hardness, Brinell 55.0 - 73.055.0 - 73.0Average value: 65.1 Grade Count:6
Hardness, Rockwell B 22.0 - 13322.0 - 133Average value: 69.3 Grade Count:183
Hardness, Rockwell F 54.0 - 10054.0 - 100Average value: 68.7 Grade Count:64
Hardness, Rockwell 30T 8.00 - 2408.00 - 240Average value: 54.7 Grade Count:153
Hardness, Rockwell H 46.0 - 90.046.0 - 90.0Average value: 68.7 Grade Count:13
Tensile Strength, Ultimate 124 - 1030 MPa18000 - 150000 psiAverage value: 430 MPa Grade Count:389
Tensile Strength, Yield 34.5 - 683 MPa5000 - 99100 psiAverage value: 255 MPa Grade Count:354
Elongation at Break 1.00 - 68.0 %1.00 - 68.0 %Average value: 32.0 % Grade Count:384
Reduction of Area 40.0 - 60.0 %40.0 - 60.0 %Average value: 52.4 % Grade Count:53
Modulus of Elasticity 82.0 - 117 GPa11900 - 17000 ksiAverage value: 106 GPa Grade Count:340
Compressive Yield Strength 82.7 - 260 MPa12000 - 37700 psiAverage value: 144 MPa Grade Count:3
Poissons Ratio 0.280 - 0.3750.280 - 0.375Average value: 0.318 Grade Count:237
Fatigue Strength 22.0 - 360 MPa3190 - 52200 psiAverage value: 106 MPa Grade Count:98
Machinability 20.0 - 106 %20.0 - 106 %Average value: 46.8 % Grade Count:323
Shear Modulus 35.0 - 44.0 GPa5080 - 6380 ksiAverage value: 38.8 GPa Grade Count:284
Shear Strength 205 - 415 MPa29700 - 60200 psiAverage value: 273 MPa Grade Count:208
Izod Impact 11.0 - 45.0 J8.11 - 33.2 ft-lbAverage value: 40.1 J Grade Count:9
Charpy Impact 15.0 - 69.0 J11.1 - 50.9 ft-lbAverage value: 46.2 J Grade Count:48
 
Electrical PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
Electrical Resistivity 0.00000318 - 0.0000280 ohm-cm0.00000318 - 0.0000280 ohm-cmAverage value: 0.00000656 ohm-cm Grade Count:316
Magnetic Permeability 1.001.00Average value: 1.00 Grade Count:3
Magnetic Susceptibility -1.00e-6-1.00e-6Average value: -1.00e-6 Grade Count:40
 
Thermal PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
CTE, linear 18.0 - 26.0 µm/m-°C10.0 - 14.4 µin/in-°FAverage value: 20.1 µm/m-°C Grade Count:334
Specific Heat Capacity 0.375 - 0.380 J/g-°C0.0896 - 0.0908 BTU/lb-°FAverage value: 0.380 J/g-°C Grade Count:282
Thermal Conductivity 26.0 - 233 W/m-K180 - 1620 BTU-in/hr-ft²-°FAverage value: 124 W/m-K Grade Count:356
Melting Point 809 - 1030 °C1490 - 1880 °FAverage value: 917 °C Grade Count:295
Solidus 809 - 990 °C1490 - 1810 °FAverage value: 903 °C Grade Count:295
Liquidus 890 - 1030 °C1630 - 1880 °FAverage value: 931 °C Grade Count:295
 
Processing PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
Processing Temperature 260 °C500 °FAverage value: 260 °C Grade Count:4
Annealing Temperature 425 - 750 °C797 - 1380 °FAverage value: 540 °C Grade Count:278
Hot-Working Temperature 625 - 900 °C1160 - 1650 °FAverage value: 770 °C Grade Count:250
Recrystallization Temperature 288 - 400 °C550 - 752 °FAverage value: 334 °C Grade Count:219
 
Component Elements PropertiesMetricEnglishComments
Aluminum, Al 0.00500 - 2.00 %0.00500 - 2.00 %Average value: 0.421 % Grade Count:8
Antimony, Sb 0.0200 - 0.250 %0.0200 - 0.250 %Average value: 0.0900 % Grade Count:25
Arsenic, As 0.0200 - 0.250 %0.0200 - 0.250 %Average value: 0.123 % Grade Count:3
Bismuth, Bi 0.500 - 2.20 %0.500 - 2.20 %Average value: 1.27 % Grade Count:3
Copper, Cu 55.0 - 95.0 %55.0 - 95.0 %Average value: 69.0 % Grade Count:391
Iron, Fe 0.0500 - 2.10 %0.0500 - 2.10 %Average value: 0.114 % Grade Count:322
Lead, Pb 0.0500 - 8.00 %0.0500 - 8.00 %Average value: 0.714 % Grade Count:337
Manganese, Mn 0.0800 - 1.80 %0.0800 - 1.80 %Average value: 0.797 % Grade Count:3
Nickel, Ni 0.200 - 1.00 %0.200 - 1.00 %Average value: 0.867 % Grade Count:6
Phosphorus, P 0.0100 - 0.200 %0.0100 - 0.200 %Average value: 0.0602 % Grade Count:28
Selenium, Se 0.0100 - 1.10 %0.0100 - 1.10 %Average value: 0.518 % Grade Count:3
Silicon, Si 0.00500 - 4.50 %0.00500 - 4.50 %Average value: 2.04 % Grade Count:11
Sulfur, S 0.0800 %0.0800 %Average value: 0.0800 % Grade Count:5
Tin, Sn 0.250 - 6.00 %0.250 - 6.00 %Average value: 0.994 % Grade Count:119
Zinc, Zn 4.00 - 43.5 %4.00 - 43.5 %Average value: 30.0 % Grade Count:391

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